The latest application of the hottest composites i

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The latest application of composites in automobiles

the key to improving fuel efficiency is to reduce weight. Therefore, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) now pay more attention to the lightweight advantage of composites, while its price advantage over steel and aluminum is second. The government's demand for high mileage and low emission vehicles has led automakers to innovate and seek more expensive materials, such as carbon fiber composites and nanocomposites, to achieve the goal of lightweight

material suppliers are very optimistic about the application of composite materials in the automotive industry. Cedric ball of Ashland high performance materials believes that the automotive industry is in a major period of transformation to a new generation of vehicles. "Under the dual pressure of improving fuel economy and reducing production costs, we are in the 'perfect storm' of market pressure and industry trends. Therefore, composite materials are far more attractive to automotive manufacturers than before."

Ball is the seminar director of the 2010 automotive composites Symposium and Exhibition (acce, September, Michigan, USA) hosted by the American Society of plastic Engineers (SPA). This year, the theme of acce is "Composites: creating new cars". The symposium has been held for nine times, which is the tenth. It is an important forum in the field of automotive composites, attracting many exhibitors, speakers and participants from all over the world

creig Bowland, the technical director and researcher of the long fiber thermoplastic Department of PPG Industrial Company, is responsible for the formulation of the technical agenda of acce. He believes that the demand for composite materials in the automotive industry has surpassed the past. "The slow pace of automobile manufacturing and the urgent demand for energy-efficient vehicles mean that composites have become the real solution."

velozzi supercar: Electric racing car sample made of carbon fiber and carbon nanotube: width 50mm, length 300mm, radial and latitudinal 20 pieces respectively

electric vehicle

many people regard hybrid electric vehicle as a good way to get rid of dependence on fuel and reduce emissions. At the North American International Auto Show held in Detroit in January, about 20 electric vehicles were on display. Lightweight materials are essential to reduce the increased battery weight of hybrid vehicles. But can electric energy be stored in composites? Royal College London says this is not impossible

researchers at Royal College and their European partners (including Volvo Group) have developed a carbon fiber composite prototype that can change the appearance of hybrid cars. This patented material can store and release electric energy. It is not only durable but also light in weight. It can be widely used in all kinds of wood, such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fiberboard and other wood plates, for the manufacture of structural parts and body panels. The researchers said that the car made of this material itself can be used as a battery. It is said that this material can store and release a lot of energy, and the speed is much faster than traditional batteries. There is no chemical reaction in the charging process, so the battery made of it will not age with time

the plug-in hybrid concept car ray of Kia motor USA is one of the latest hybrid vehicles, and it was first introduced at the Chicago Auto Show in February this year. The four seater car, made of a large number of composite materials, uses lightweight recycled materials, and solar cells are embedded in the glass roof. Ray can travel more than 50 miles (80.5 kilometers) with each charge. The gasoline engine is made of aluminum

California automotive designer velozzi is trying to launch its high-performance electric racing car velozzi supercar in the second half of this year, which can accelerate to 60 miles in 3 seconds and is made of carbon fiber and nanotube reinforced composite materials. The first plug-in crossover hybrid vehicle, velozzi solo, will be launched in 2011. It is the first mass-produced vehicle made of carbon fiber nanotube materials. It is said that this material greatly enhances the mechanical properties of the parts and reduces the weight. Velozzi has worked with many suppliers in the development of new vehicles, including Bayer materials technology and Ashland

leading in composite materials

researchers of Faurecia, a global automotive supplier, have been committed to reducing the weight of cars. It is said that the company's products can double the current weight reduction level. The company specializes in developing manufacturing technology and emission control technology for car seats, interior trim and front-end components. Faurecia believes that the weight of each vehicle can be reduced by 59 kg by 2020 by using natural fibers, other composite materials and hybrid components. The company's products are used in 80% of the world's efficient cars

"with the rapid introduction of stricter Cafe regulations, automobile manufacturers are forced to significantly reduce the weight and emissions of vehicles, but not at the expense of safety, comfort or quality." Mike heneka, President of Faurecia North America, said, "these trends and other factors are driving automakers to work with suppliers to accelerate the development of cost-effective innovative products."

the door components produced by Faurecia for liberty SUV entered the finals of the 39th annual Innovation Grand Prix sponsored by SPE automotive department. Faurecia is both a system supplier and a material processor. This door assembly is made of 32% short fiber filled polypropylene (PP) of the new grade of Asahi Kasei plastics, which can replace the more expensive long fiber grade PP. The resin is a pre colored color masterbatch with high fiber content, and the processor can adjust the glass fiber content by itself in the processing process

the molded seat developed by Opel and Recaro adopts glass fiber reinforced composite materials and abandons the steel frame structure

BMW continues to use its innovative composite technology to reduce weight and improve performance. The structural inner layer of the M-series carbon fiber roof contains Hexcel's hexforce NC2 multiaxial reinforcement. The underbody of Z4 is a sandwich like structural layer, which is made of symalite material from quadrant plastic composites. The drive shaft of the award-winning Gran Turismo 550i is made of BASF's 50% glass fiber reinforced polyamide Ultramid, which can replace aluminum. Recently, BMW announced the establishment of a joint venture with SGL Group to develop and produce carbon fiber materials for the future megacity vehicle

Ford Motor Company is another leader in the application field of composite materials. It continues to innovate in the field of materials to reduce weight and cost. Its new body heat insulation floor can isolate the high-temperature exhaust gas from the fuel tank and the engine. The part is made of 50% chopped fiber reinforced sheet molding compound (SMC), which is made of AOC resin. This SMC material is specially formulated for structural applications and has high mechanical properties in high temperature or corrosive environments. Pilot automotive, headquartered in Buenos Aires, Argentina, provides Ford with a variety of SMC components

lotus motor company launched its latest special edition high-performance racing car, Exige scura, at the Tokyo International Auto Show in October 2009. The car uses a large number of carbon fiber composites, and the surface is sprayed with varnish, which reduces the weight by 10 kg compared with the weight reduced Exige s series. The company has planned to produce 35 cars worth 45000 pounds (about 70000 dollars)

Lotus Evora, with a high output (2000 per year), has been praised by fan magazines on several continents. Recently, BBC top gear magazine named it "car of the year". Evora uses lightweight aluminum and composite components, including compression resistant composite roofs and body panels, to enhance the stiffness of the body

substitute metal

DuPont automotive reported that they are developing new engineering plastics and high-performance composites, which have higher performance in automotive related applications and can reduce the weight of metal parts by%. At the same time, new materials can integrate originally independent parts into a module, thus reducing the cost by%. The new material can withstand the high temperature up to 260 ℃ inside the engine, providing a greater possibility to replace metals. They also enable the connectors to be directly molded in the mold to achieve rapid assembly and better assembly in the compact engine compartment

the Kia plug-in hybrid concept car ray, which was unveiled at the Chicago Auto Show in February, uses lightweight composites and recycled materials, and the

solar cells are placed on the roof

LANXESS, a German manufacturer of special chemicals, introduced its enhanced semi crystalline product series to the global automotive metal parts substitution field. The company's Durethan polyamide and pocan polyester contain up to% glass fiber reinforcement, and the processing method is as simple as general-purpose plastic with 30% fiber content

the front seat of the new Opel insignia OPC developed by Opel and Recaro is made of two special polyamides of BASF Ultramid family and neopolen expanded polypropylene foam. The seat plate, backrest shell and transmission shaft are designed with BASF's ufltrasim simulation package. Glass fiber reinforced plastic parts abandon the steel frame. The simulation tool sets and optimizes the component size to meet the impact requirements

automatic processing of composites

mag industrial automation system company launched its breakthrough automotive composite technology, "which combines the cost and productivity requirements of the automotive industry and the engineering characteristics of oriented fiber structures used in the aerospace industry". Its new continuous foaming line uses continuous fiber thermoplastic and thermosetting prepregs to produce thin-walled structural engineering parts, which are% lighter than steel parts, but their strength is twice that of SMC

According to MAG, the focus is on optimizing the performance of low-cost reinforcement materials, such as E-glass fiber, although carbon fiber and mixed prepreg can also be processed by this machine. It is said that the continuous fiber prepreg developed by the company has a much lower deformation coefficient than SMC, and the distribution and orientation of reinforcing fibers are more uniform than that of chopped fibers. The production line can cut reinforcement materials according to the design requirements of components, regardless of whether the processing is structural components or the whole underbody of multi-component

in order to meet the needs of different production scales, continuous latifying line adopts a modular design, and each module can handle two rolls of 2.4m wide prepreg. The system can lay materials with different widths on one part. One module can process full width materials while the other can lay narrow width materials. Cutting and splicing can ensure continuous operation and the laying of cross layers, so as to strengthen the transition area, such as the stiffener across the car on the floor. Modules for placing sandwich materials in sandwich structures are also being developed

application under the hood

the intake manifold system on the V8 engine of 2010 GM is the first structural powertrain component using high flow polyamide, and it is also the largest automotive component made of polyamide. SPE said when announcing that this component entered the finals of the Innovation Award. It is said that the fluidity of 30% glass fiber reinforced akulon ultraflow k-fhg6 PA6 provided by DSM Engineering Plastics Department is 80% higher than that of standard flow grade PA6, but there is no significant loss of mechanical properties. The high fluidity promotes the optimization of design, reduces the injection pressure, and can produce parts under low mold internal stress. This kind of material

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